Japanese gardens are breathtaking in their simplicity, which is why a Japanese landscape is an ever popular choice for discerning property owners. Japanese gardens are known for their unique and simple designs and the beauty they create by blending different elements of nature. A Japanese style is also an expression of Buddhist and Shinto beliefs. It’s a home landscape design that puts emphasis on harmony and creates an environment that induces calm and relieves stress. It also adds greatly to the curb appeal of the property.
Different Japanese Landscape Styles
According to landscape reviews, there are several styles, each with their own unique approach to nature and nod to spirituality. Knowing the different styles can aid homeowners into choosing the type that fits their personality and abode.
Karesansui: Also known as a waterless sand and rock garden, it’s a very famous style of Japanese themed ones. This style appeared during the Muromachi period (1333-1568) and is strongly influenced by Buddhist doctrines. A karesansui style of garden would have some plants, like moss, groupings of stones and raked gravel that symbolizes streaming water. It’s minimalist in its approach and represents landscapes in an abstract way.
Cha Niwa or Roji. This is something that’s also called a tea garden. It’s a misnomer though since no one drinks tea in a Cha Niwa style garden. These are usually small gardens in enclosed spaces and often have Japanese lanterns, stepping stones and a water basin. The Cha Niwa is part of a larger garden and serves as the passage from the world outside to the inner world of a teahouse. This kind has been designed to calm a person’s mind before the start of a tea ceremony
Tsubo Niwa: These are small courtyard gardens that measure one tsubo or 3.3 square meters. This emerged during the 15th century when the country was thriving economically. During this time, prosperous merchants had houses surrounded by storage buildings and the Tsubo Niwa was designed in the open space between the main house and the storage buildings. These gardens use the same elements as a tea garden, but with more shade loving plants. That is why it is good to buy plants as well. The idea behind traditional Japanese courtyard gardens was to create small, relaxing spaces on terraces or roofs.
Tsukiyama and Kaiyu-Shikien: These are otherwise known as strolling gardens. The tsukiyama is a large landscape that reflects the beauty of nature. It shows either an imaginary one created exclusively for that garden or a reproduction of an existing landscape made on a much smaller scale. This style uses natural elements like flowers, hills, small footpaths and even bridges for sale. A kaiyu-shikien, on the other hand, is designed to give pleasurable walking experience and was mostly made during Japan’s Edo period. Most Kaiyu-Shikiens are now used as public parks.
Common Japanese Landscaping Elements Used
According to landscape reviews, designing a Japanese landscape entails being very particular with the natural elements used. Careful consideration should be given into the choice of flowers, plants, trees, earth and water features for sale used to achieve a particular design.
One of the more popular species of trees used is maple. The distinct red leaves and graceful curve of maple has made it a favorite for Japanese inspired gardens in the US. Other plant elements used are bonsai, creepers and moss. Bonsai would especially fit in just about any Japanese inspired one, while creepers and mosses make sculptures, stone paths and steps look very natural.
Other ideas for would entail you to buy water feature as the main point of interest of the whole design. This can be achieved with the use of a koi pond, a fountain, a small waterfall or an artificial stream in your yard and garden. It’s believed that the simple sound of dripping water induces a state of relaxation that makes it easier to meditate. It’s why water is often incorporated in Japanese gardens.
Aside from water feature, additional embellishments or accessories can be included in the landscape. Some good additions would be small, artificial hills or sculptures, Japanese lanterns, pagodas and Shoji screens. You can find most of these products in any gardening supply shops or home improvement stores in your area. A Japanese landscape is easy to achieve, as long as you remember that minimalism and classic lines are the key.